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Experimental hut evaluation of a novel long‑lasting non‑pyrethroid durable wall lining for control of pyrethroid‑resistant Anopheles gambiae and Anopheles funestus in Tanzania

A novel, insecticide-treated, durable wall lining (ITWL), which mimics indoor residual spraying (IRS), has been developed to provide prolonged vector control when fixed to the inner walls of houses. PermaNet ITWL is a polypropylene material containing non-pyrethroids (abamectin and fenpyroximate) which migrate gradually to the surface.

Universal versus conditional three-day follow up visit for children with uncomplicated fever at the community level: design of a cluster randomized, community-based, non-inferiority trial in Tanganyika, Democratic Republic of Congo

The current recommendation within Integrated Community Case Management guidelines that all children presenting with uncomplicated fever and no danger signs be followed up after three days may not be necessary. Such fevers often resolve rapidly (usually 48-96 h), and previous studies suggest that expectant home care for uncomplicated fever can be safely recommended. We aim to determine the non-inferiority of a conditional versus a universal follow-up visit fort these children.

Task Sharing Effort Brief

This brief entitled “Task Shifting & Sharing: Training Associate Clinicians to Provide Emergency Obstetric Care” provides an overview of four implementation research studies that have been conducted in four African countries, each with a different context and approach to implementing its task sharing program.

Comparing actual and perceived causes of fever among community members in a low malaria transmission setting in northern Tanzania

The purpose of this paper was to compare actual and perceived causes of fever in northern Tanzania. In a standardized survey, heads of households in 30 wards in Moshi, Tanzania, were asked to identify the most common cause of fever for children and for adults. Responses were compared to data from a local hospital-based fever etiology study that used standard diagnostic techniques. Malaria was the most frequently identified cause of fever, cited by 56.7% and 43.6% as the most common cause of fever for adults and children, respectively.

Beyond Malaria — Causes of Fever in Outpatient Tanzanian Children

As the incidence of malaria diminishes, a better understanding of nonmalarial fever is important for effective management of illness in children. In this study, we explored the spectrum of causes of fever in African children. Researchers recruited children younger than 10 years of age with a temperature of 38°C or higher at two outpatient clinics — one rural and one urban — in Tanzania. Medical histories were obtained and clinical examinations conducted by means of systematic procedures.

Indoor Residual Spraying in Combination with Insecticide-Treated Nets Compared to Insecticide-Treated Nets Alone for Protection against Malaria: A Cluster Randomised Trial in Tanzania

Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) of houses provide effective malaria transmission control. There is conflicting evidence about whether it is more beneficial to provide both interventions in combination. A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted to investigate whether the combination provides added protection compared to ITNs alone.

Rural Tanzanian women's awareness of danger signs of obstetric complications

Awareness of the danger signs of obstetric complications is the essential first step in accepting appropriate and timely referral to obstetric and newborn care. The objectives of this study were to assess women's awareness of danger signs of obstetric complications and to identify associated factors in a rural district in Tanzania. A total of 1118 women who had been pregnant in the past two years were interviewed. A list of medically recognized potentially life threatening obstetric signs was obtained from the responses given.

Impact of the combination of LLIN and IRS versus LLIN alone on vector density and malaria transmission in Northern Tanzania: A community randomized Controlled Trial

This presentation is a summary of the research that was carried out by London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine to explore the impact of combining long lasting insecticidal treated nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) on malaria transmission in rural Tanzania.

The effects of MCH insurance cards on improving equity in access and use of maternal and child health care services in Tanzania: A mixed methods analysis

This presentation was prepared by Ifakara Health Institute Tanzania.  It is a summary of their findings from the TRAction-funded project related to Equitable Healthcare Access.  The purpose of the research was to examine the extent to which the use of the MCH cards was equitable and to identify factors that influenced women’s decisions regarding use of the MCH card and choice of delivery location.

Enhanced protection against malaria by indoor residual spraying in addition to insecticide treated nets: is it dependent on transmission intensity or net usage?

Insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) are effective vector control tools that protect against malaria. There is conflicting evidence regarding whether using ITNs and IRS in combination provides additional benefit over using either of these methods alone. This study investigated factors that may modify the effect of the combined use of IRS and ITNs compared to using ITNs alone on malaria infection prevalence.



December 02, 2021

Landmark Beach Hotel and Conference Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 30 November - 1 December 2021


November 27, 2021

The  International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women kicked off the 1st International...


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