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Evaluating Sustained Adoption of LPG stoves in Guatemala

GenteGas LPG tank, Guatemala

Research Overview

This project will evaluate perceptions and sustained use of liquid petroleum gas (LPG) stoves distributed through GenteGas, an 18-month pilot study funded by Grand Challenges Canada in June 2014. The GenteGas pilot uses a market-based approach to distribute affordable LPG stoves to low-income households in peri-urban Alontenango, Guatemala. GenteGas trains local women entrepreneurs to distribute LPG stoves and tanks and to engage their communities around LPG stove use and safety. 

The current research, jointly funded by the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves and TRAction, will use mixed methods to better understand factors influencing sustained adoption (and non-adoption) of LPG stoves, and how the behavior change strategies used in the GenteGas program can help promote clean cooking adoption. 

Project Location

Alotenango, Guatemala

Map of Alotenango, Guatemala

Research Objectives

  • Assess the household contexts and perceptions around LPG stoves, as well as examine sustained use of wood-fired stoves during the implementation of the GenteGas LPG stove program
  • Assess the impact that GenteGas-trained women entrepreneurs have had on engaging local communities to adopt LPG stoves, focusing on women's role in promoting clean cookstoves, including sustained LPG use
  • Assess the factors that have impacted the implementation of the GenteGas program, including critical challenges, such as stakeholder engagement, political, economic, and structural forces that have impeded or accelerated program implementation

Study Approach

GenteGas is an 18-month pilot program funded by Grand Challenges Canada in June 2014. The GenteGas pilot uses a market-based approach to distribute affordable LPG stoves to low-income households in peri-urban Alontenango, Guatemala. GenteGas trains local women entrepreneurs to distribute LPG stoves and tanks, and to engage their communities around LPG stove use and safety. This study employs mixed methods to evaluate the impact of GenteGas, along with other LPG stove programs, on the sustained adoption of clean cookstoves in peri-urban households in Guatemala. An open-ended Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices questionnaire will be used to identify household perceptions of LPG and traditional wood-burning stoves, as well as cooking practices. Perceptions and barriers to sustained use will be evaluated through participant observations and focus group discussions with exclusive and non-exclusive LPG users. Implementation of the women entrepreneur model will be evaluated through participant observations and qualitative key informant interviews with LPG stove implementers and household members. The impact of the women entrepreneur model on stove use and air quality will be measured using stove use monitors (SUMs) and kitchen concentrations of particulate matter and carbon monoxide. Quantitative surveys will also be administered to participants to assess LPG stove acceptance and sustained use.

Research into Action

UCSF and its partners will disseminate key findings from this research at local community forums in Guatemala, using reports easily interpreted by those with limited literacy. A technical policy brief and fact sheet in Spanish will be disseminated to key stakeholders in Guatemala and presented at household energy workshops. Results will also be shared globally through the publication of academic journal articles.

Research Partners

 
Co-Principal Investigator: Lisa Thompson, RN, FNP,  MS, PhD, UCSF School of Nursing
Co-Principal Investigator: Anaite Diaz Artiga, MSP, MPH, UVG
 

Study Status

Project Status: Implementation

Country / Countries: